To visit all the monuments of London, it surely means a lot of time, not only because of the great city, but also because of the great number of works in the capital. Our advice is to take a little time and organize visits well, here are the places that you can not miss !!
Visit the map of London’s monuments and museums.
The Obelisk of Cleopatra is one of the two obelisks of the ancient Eliopoli fully formed of Egyptian pink granite. The second, identical, is located in Central Park in New York.
This 21 meter tall oriental creation weighing more than 180 tons was donated to the English government in 1819 by the viceroy of Egypt. A particularity that is very noticeable to the English refers to their arrival in London, which was only in 1878 after long negotiations and a trip in the sea in which epic vicissitudes are told.
The fountain of Piccadilly Circus
In the center of the fountain designed by John Nash and currently one of the focal points of the capital, the fountain designed by Alfred Gilbert in 1893 emerges. This work is crowned by the statue of a naked archer, symbol of the Angel of Charity Christian
The monument pays tribute to the philanthropist Lord of Shaftsbury who during his life contributed to the abolition of minority labor. The statue has become an icon of London over the years, one of the most famous English newspapers, Il Evening Standard, has chosen it as its commercial symbol.
Located on Canon Street London Bridge is the oldest bridge in London. Built by the Romans more than 2000 years ago, the bridge connected the southern part of the island with the Londinium, the Roman town that would become the current City. Around the year 1000 the construction was destroyed by the Norwegian prince Olaf, in struggle with the aglosajones. It was from this episode that the famous song for children was born “” London Bridge is Falling Down “.
With the following construction the bridge was fortified with observation turrets placed on the bridge. The most recent version of the bridge dates from 1831, modernized again in the late 1960s. In addition to the famous London Bridge Station, there are two main attractions that can be reached on foot from the Bridge: Borough Market with its delicious food and the fearsome London Dungeon
The London Eye is the spectacular panoramic wheel that allows observing all of London, built to celebrate the new millennium, has a diameter of 134 mt which makes it the largest panoramic wheel in the world. The capsules that compose it are not simple cabins … Inside you will find technological comfort like air conditioning and multimedia implants, for an excellent view of the panorama the cabins are equipped with curved laminated glass built using the most modern optical technologies. The London Eye is often protagonists of initiatives of various kinds, such as Valentine’s Day, lovers can enjoy a return of 20 inutes accompanied by roses and Champagne … what better occasion to toast for a future together!
This tall Roman column over 60 meters has been erected in 1677 to remember the great fire of 1666 and celebrate the reconstruction of the Capital. This large and unique pinnacle rises in the heart of the city, two steps from the City and has recently become a tourist attraction thanks to the fact that it has been opened to the public in February 2009.
Visitors can go up the spiral staircase to the point from which you can enjoy an exciting view in the heart of the city. Inside, events and artistic exhibitions are organized from time to time.
The “Gherkin” as it is nicknamed, is the tall 180 meter high pen shaped skyscraper that grows in the center of the City. Designed by Lord Foster, this 40-story original construction and office building was inaugurated in 2004, immediately gaining many appreciations.
The particular form consents to the entire structure of consuming half of the energy need that a building of the same volume would need. Between one floor and another in fact, a space has been left to let air and light through. A particularity, even that form that has, there is only a curved piece in the whole structure: the glass dome that is in the upper part.
Saint Paul Cathedral
We are talking about the most famous cathedral in England. The first cathedral was erected in 604 by the Saxons on the ashes of a Roman temple. The building was destroyed around the year 1000 and the next reconstruction was completed in 1241.
This wonderful work of architecture has a 110 meter tall dome, the second in grandeur only after that of San Pietro (San Pedro) in Rome. Inside, many ceremonies of national and international importance have been held, including the funeral of Admiral Nelson (whose remains rest in the crypt), those of Winston Churchill in 1965, among others the wedding of Carlos and Diana in 1981. In addition to guided tours (and not), here it is possible to attend free daily organ concerts at noon.
Palace of Westminster
The Westminster Palace, also called the House of Parliament, is the seat of the two Chambers of the United Kingdom. The palace is composed of several buildings, on the left is the Big Ben and the Clock Tower, the tall tower 106 meters that has the largest clock in England, with a dial of 7.5 meters in diameter and a long boat of minutes more of four meters.
The bell dates back to 1858 and weighs more than 14 tons. Following, you can admire the House of Lord, whose main entrance is the St. Stephen’s Entrance, where if you want you can wait and see if you are allowed to enter one of the sessions of the two Chambers, which are generally not open to the public. Immediately next to it is the House of Commons which, together with the previous one, gives life to the English Government.
Wonderful example of minimal architecture, this bridge was designed by Norman Foster, 320 meters long and consists of only two pilasters stuck in the bottom of the Thames and two cables that stabilize it.
Millennium Bridge has been built to celebrate the new millennium, but some stability problems have taken the inauguration, which was in 2002. The structure, which connects St. Paul to the Tate Modern, must be visited especially at night, when a large Use of colored lights create an incredible visual effect.
The Imperial Marble Arch London triptych of marble arches located two steps from Oxford Circus and Hyde Park has been projected in 1828 by John Nash, his inspiration for the most famous Arc de Triomphe in Rome.
Initially the structure was on the Eastern side of Buckingham Palace but in 1851 it was moved to the current position. During the celebrations, only the king’s trupiahs and the royal cavalry were allowed to go under their bows. At the top are sculpted high-relief figures of women who personify some continents: Europe on the one hand and Asia and Africa on the other. There is also the statue of Minerva, goddess of the arts.
The Westmister Abbey, next to the Palace of Westminster in Parliament Square, dates back to 1605 and was built by Edward the Confessor. In the course of history the Abbey was damaged and rebuilt several times until the current complex built in the thirteenth century.
All the English Kings have been crowned in front of their chapels, except Eduardo V and VII. Here are present the tombs of more than 3000 people, among which kings, queens and distinguished people.
Trafalgar Square is one of the most famous squares in the world. Completed in 1845 this square is the headquarters of the National Gallery and also the theater of many political demonstrations throughout the year. Every day hundreds of tourists come here to see the performance of many street artists who find in this plaza the ideal space for their exhibitions-
In the square is the famous Nelson’s Column, the legendary admiral of the English army, surrounded by four lions. From its first battle (the battle of Trafalgar in which Napoleone’s fleet defeated) the name of this square is born. The four pillars were initially erect to form the base of an immense equestrian statue of William IV, which was never completed due to lack of funds.
Other elements that form the square are the fountains, recently equipped with new colored LEDs for night lighting. In winter comes a huge Christmas tree, twinned with that of the Grand Place in Brussels, Belgium. A short distance away is the Admiralty Arch, the building that King Enrico VII donated to Queen Victoria and that connects Trafalgar Square with the Mall.
Tower of London
The “Royal Palace and the Strength of His Majesty” more commonly called the Tower of London is the oldest building used by the British Government.
Built by William the Conqueror around the year 1000 this important construction is now Unesco heritage has been used as a royal residence, defensive fortress, prison (here was locked Guy Fawkes), observation point, torture room (here was tortured Anna Boleyn) strong box (here they were kept the jewels of the Crown), zoo and many other things. Inside, the White Tower (the White Tower) emerges, its oldest part.
Tower Bridge is the only suspended and inclined bridge in London. Two steps away from the Tower of London, from where it takes its name, this bridge is the most spectacular and icon of the city. Built in the nineteenth century to connect the city to the ever more developed East End of London, this bridge regulates urban traffic to the naval.
Tower Bridge is 224 meters long and is a great goal for tourists who want to admire the great structure and Tower Bridge Exhibition that allows those who want to admire the towers inside, from above where you can enjoy the view of the city to the base in which to observe closely the mechanisms that allow the operation.