The two populations, Anglos and Saxons, with their continuous attacks on the Roman truches irrigated in the city forced the Roman Empire to leave the island, opening the chapter of the Anglo-Saxon history of this city, which lasted until 1066 AD. During this period the Anglo-Saxons conferred the commercial vocation of Londra increasing the prestige and wealth of the City.
In 604 AD begins the construction of the Cathedral of St. Paul, erected from the ashes of the temple of Apollo built by the Romans. In the same years they built Thorney Island, a site along the banks of the Thames that will go down in history as the Palace of Westminster, now the seat of the British Parliament.
But it is with the conquest of the Normans by William the Bastard, that in 1066 he was crowned as The Conqueror not King of England inside the Abbey of Westminster (ceremony then adopted by all the successive Kings of England) that London affirms itself as an autonomous and politically independent city. During those years William the Conqueror realized the Tower of London and the White Tower, residence of the Royals of England and headquarters of the jewels of the Crown.
The history of London With the arrival of the Kingdom of Elizabeth I the capital begins to expand exponentially, from 1565 to 1605 the inhabitants go from 80,000 to 160,000 creating the bases for the metropolis we know today. In 1666 Londre was touched by the Great Fire, the biggest fire in its history. For five days the city burns continuously, destroying 15 of the 26 districts that make it up, destroying more than 13,000 houses and 80 churches, including the Cathedral of St. Paul.
Extraordinarily the city is preparing for the reconstruction, which lasts only 10 years. More than an action guided by the government, it is a popular initiative. The houses are built with bricks and tiles that substitute firewood and straw. The palaces grow in height and many areas were used by private to create terraces of land full of nearby houses among them in order to increase the income.
In this fervor it is not possible to act any regulatory plan, that is why London preserves streets and alleys that date back to the Middle Ages, if not before. During these years St. Paul was rebuilt and Buckingham Palace was built, literally “Palace of the Hams Elevated”, initially built as summer accommodation for the Duke of Buckingham John Sheffield, but which in 1837 became, with Windsor Castle, the official residence of the royal family, where it is also possible to see the whole history of England.
After all this the city grew incredibly thanks to the new commercial openings with India and the Americas in the 18th century that attracted merchants from all over the world, and with the Industrial Revolution one hundred years later, which attracted workers from all over the world. Island. At the beginning of 1900 what was once called Londinium is the most active industrial city in the world with more than 6 million inhabitants.
Today London is what we all know today, a global metropolis where any ase can feel at the center of the world. In its streets you can see the intangible signs of a thousand-year-old history and at the same time savor future fashions, in a unique melting pot of people and places that knows how to transmit much more than what can be discovered in a lifetime. That’s why already in 1700 Samuel Johnson wrote ‘You find no man, at all intellectual, who is willing to leave London. No, Sir, when a man is tired of London, he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford. “