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The verb to have in English is translated with TO HAVE and when it is used with the meaning of possessing it can be followed by the intensifier GOT. In the interrogative forms, negative and interrogative of the Simple Present GOT is always necessary.

Attention: when TO HAVE (GOT) is followed by the preposition TO means DUE.

AFFIRMATIVE form: Subject + TO HAVE (GOT) + complement (En: Mark has (got) a car.)

NEGATIVE form: Subject + TO HAVE (GOT) + NOT + complement (It is: Mark has not got a car.)

INTERROGATIVE form: TO HAVE + subject + GOT + complement (Is: Has Mark got a car?)

INTERRO-NEGATIVE form: reduced form of TO HAVE and NOT + subject + GOT + complement (En: Has not Mark got a car?).

Simple Present

LONG FORM

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I am I am not Have I got …?
You have (got) You have not got Have you got …?
He has (got) He has not got Has he got …?
She has (got) She has not got Has she got …?
It has (got) It has not got Has it got …?
We have (got) We have not got Have we got …?
They have (got) They have not got Have they got …?

REDUCED FORM

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I’ve (got) I haven’t got
You’ve (got) You haven’t got
He’s (got) He hasn’t got
She’s (got) She hasn’t got
It’s (got) It hasn’t got
We’ve (got) We haven’t got
You’ve (got) You haven’t got
They’ve (got) They haven’t got

Simple Past

LONG FORM

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
I had I didn’t have Did I have…?
You had You didn’t have Did you have…?
He had He didn’t have Did he have …?
She had She didn’t have Did she have…?
It had It didn’t have Did it have …?
We had We didn’t have Did we have …?
You had You didn’t have Did you have …?
They had They didn’t have Did they have…?

Attention! When TO HAVE is used with different meanings of owning, no GOT is used and the negative, interrogative, and negative-interrogative forms are constructed with the auxiliary DO / DOES / DID

EXAMPLE

  • I have a shower every morning (I shower every morning)
  • I do not have lunch at 12 (No lunch at 12)
  • Does she have breakfast alone? (Does she eat breakfast alone?)
  • Did you have a nice flight? (Have you had a good flight?)